Defense Media Network

The Post-9/11 GI Bill 2.0

Expanded Benefits, With a Few Trade-offs

It almost didn’t happen, but relentless lobbying by advocacy groups, along with some 11th-hour procedural maneuvers by then-Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, finally pulled it off: Just before the end of the final legislative session of 2010, Congress approved the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act, which President Barack Obama signed into law on Jan. 4, 2011.

For all the good it did for most military veterans, the original Post-9/11 GI Bill, enacted in June 2008, revealed several glaring flaws as it was implemented that neglected several categories of veterans and service members.

Col. Bob Norton, U.S. Army (Ret.), deputy director of government relations for the Military Officers Association of America, says that while the new law, commonly known as the Post-9/11 GI Bill 2.0, or the “Fix Bill,” isn’t perfect, it goes a long way toward closing these unintentional gaps in coverage.


GI Bill 2.0: The Fixes

The major provisions of the new law include:

  • the expansion of GI Bill eligibility to National Guard members who serve on active duty stateside in a number of circumstances, including emergency response or training Reserve components.
  • the expansion of coverage to non-degree granting programs that had, historically, been a mainstay of the GI Bill: vocational, technical, certificate, apprenticeship, or on-the-job training programs. “A lot of young men and women out there may not be at a point in their lives where they want to go to college,” Norton says. “They may want to become an electrician, pipefitter, truck driver, Microsoft®-certified engineer. They might want to go to a flight training school … all of those non-degree training programs are now switched back on for the Post-9/11 GI Bill.”
  • elimination of the confusing state-by-state “undergraduate cap” method of calculating benefits, establishing instead a $17,500 fee cap for private institutions.
  • expansion of the annual book stipend eligibility – up to $1,000 for textbooks – to include active-duty service members and their spouses.
  • a living/housing allowance for service members who are online or “distance learners” in programs such as those administered by the University of Phoenix, Kaplan University, American Military University, and others, of up to $673.50 per month.
  • coverage for a greater number of licensure, certification, or placement tests such as the SAT®, GRE®, LSAT, and CLEP®.
  • a choice for wounded warriors receiving subsistence allowances under the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (VR&E) VetSuccess Program to use their Post-9/11 GI Bill rate instead, if that rate exceeds the one assigned to them under the Department of Veterans Affairs’ (VA’s) disability rating system.


GI Bill 2.0: The Trade-offs

Congress’ ability to pass the law was due, in part, to the fact that it is projected to save $730 million over the next decade. In order to expand coverage to more veterans, some cost-saving trade-offs were necessary, including:

  • Veterans enrolled less than full time will see their housing stipend prorated to match the number of credit hours taken each term, rather than receive the full rate for any number of hours over half-time enrollment.
  • The housing stipend will not apply during mandatory school breaks; when school is not in session, students are assumed capable of earning their rent.
  • The $17,500 cap on tuition and fees will, in a handful of states, not cover the entire cost of education at certain institutions – but this doesn’t necessarily mean students will be left out in the cold. The provision is intended not only to save government money but to urge participation in the VA’s Yellow Ribbon Program, which will pay up to half the total amount of fees and tuition if participating institutions agree to pay the other half.

Norton considers these trade-offs to be well worth the outcome. Two years ago, he points out, few veterans would have contemplated attending private schools at all; most were simply out of reach. “When you consider all the good of expanding the number of veterans eligible now to get all kinds of GI Bill benefits under these fixes,” he says, “it far outweighs the perceived or real cuts, both in terms of the number of people affected and in terms of the quality of the benefit overall.”


Craig Collins is a veteran freelance writer and a regular Faircount Media Group contributor who...

    li class="comment even thread-even depth-1" id="comment-489">

    We were advised that if a marine enrolls in a public school, he/she will receive up to $80,000 in tuition reimbursement as well as book/lab stipend and housing. Were we misinformed?

    li class="comment odd alt thread-odd thread-alt depth-1" id="comment-553">

    There is no set amount that anyone receives anymore. There are numerous factors taken into consideration, most notably the BAH rate in the area where the university is located. If he/she is eligible for the post 911 GI Bill, they will get E5 BAH for that location plus full tuition for a public school. It will probably be around 80k after 4 years.

    li class="comment even thread-even depth-1" id="comment-7702">

    The Post 9-11 GI bill doesn’t cover anyone who did not complete AIT. Now personally I find this extremely unfair. I wanted to stay in the Army when I got pregnant with my son, yet, I was basically told that I had to get out. The last recruiter I went to see said that it was somewhat common. Anyway, I just believe that because I went in to the service with the intention of serving my country, I should receive SOME kind of educational benefit. It doesn’t have to be a lot. Just something. I’m low-income and trying to become a nurse and some money from the 9 months that I did do would be nice.

    li class="comment odd alt thread-odd thread-alt depth-1" id="comment-39250">

    Why in the world would you get pregnant during BCT or AIT? This is not a handout, it is meant for people who fulfilled their oaths and upheld the principles of the military, in Army’s case LDRSHIP. Fraternizing during BCT and AIT is against the rules for many good reasons including to ensure female soldiers don’t get pregnant. So if you would like to get these benefits I would suggest re-enlisting now (or you should have done so after your child’s birth) to receive what must be earned.