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The Yom Kippur War: 40th Anniversary in Photos

The war fought between the forces of Egypt and Syria against Israel from Oct. 6 to Oct. 25, 1973 has many names, from the Yom Kippur War to the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Ramadan War, or October War. Whatever name you prefer, the 40th anniversary of the beginning of conflict is on Oct. 6, 2013. To mark that anniversary the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has released President Nixon and the Role of Intelligence in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, a study that examines the causes and consequences of the U.S. intelligence community’s failure to foresee the Yom Kippur War. The photos in the slideshow come from that study. The Yom Kippur War started with a surprise attack against Israel by forces of several Arab states, primarily lead by Egypt and Syria, with smaller forces contributed by Iraq and Jordan. Early gains were achieved, with Egypt and Syria seizing back some of the land they lost in the 1967 Six-Day War. Despite being outnumbered, Israel was able to rebound, mobilize, and counterattack. The Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights were the scenes of the heaviest fighting. When a ceasefire was signed on Oct. 25, Israel was only 25 miles from Damascus and 63 miles from Cairo. The Yom Kippur War was also something of a proxy war, as the U.S. provided military equipment to Israel, while Egypt and Syria relied on the support of the Soviet Union.

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Steven Hoarn is the Editor/Photo Editor for Defense Media Network. He is a graduate of...